Diabetes in Children

Children's diabetesIt seems that nowadays juvenile diabetes has reached quite alarming levels in many countries across the globe.

The main cause of diabetes is that the body is not able to produce insulin, a hormone that is generated by pancreas. The role of this hormone is to burn the food transforming it in energy. In the following lines we will answer the most FAQs on juvenile diabetes.

What are the symptoms indicating this condition?

Youngsters often develop the Type 1 form of diabetes, with  children under 16 years of age (90%) are  are most likely to present this type. It manifests as the cells of the body start attacking the helpful ones considering them the enemies. As a result vital organs and tissues may be destroyed over time.

How often this type of condition occurs?

One cannot say in what proportion this disorder has its incidence in younger population, since the rate of occurrence differs from one country to another, from one ethnicity to another.

The last 3 decades have seen a three times increase in cases of juvenile diabetes. This condition was reportedly prevalent across the US, but lately Europe seems to suffering from this disease, too. The cause can be the obesity and the bad eating habits manifested among children but also teenagers. But the paradox is, that Type 1 Diabetes is not seen as the result of obesity.

What makes this disorder to manifest in children?

The real trigger for this condition is not known yet, but research suggests it can be triggered by genetic inheritance and the general environment. However, studies have reached the conclusion that there are children who suffer from this disease without having a family history of diabetes.

What is the treatment for juvenile diabetes?

Insulin that has a fast reaction is administered during the day, whereas at night the slow acting one is used. Nowadays one can use and insulin pump to control insulin levels.

What can a parent do in this situation?

1. First of all, make sure that you understand how this condition develops and at the same time work with his doctor and help your child.
2. You should as well learn how these insulin injections are administered, monitoring the levels of blood glucose on a regular basis.
3. Learn about diabetic acidosis and do not forget to always have glucose on you.
4. Make sure that the school where your child studies knows about his disorder.
5. Keep a healthy and balanced diet while controlling his or her weight.
6. Make sure that your child is exercising allowing him or her to stay fit even if suffering from this condition.

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